Understanding Aging Skin

While aging can bring about a dignified look, there are some signs that a man may not like and choose to get rid of. But before a decision can be reached, skin aging must be understood.

Although skin has many layers, it can generally be divided into three main parts:

  • The outer part (epidermis) contains skin cells, pigment, and proteins.
  • The middle part (dermis) contains skin cells, blood vessels, nerves, hair follicles, and oil glands. The dermis provides nutrients to the epidermis.
  • The inner layer under the dermis (the subcutaneous layer) contains sweat glands, some hair follicles, blood vessels, and fat.

Each layer also contains connective tissue with collagen fibers to give support and elastin fibers to provide flexibility and strength.

With aging, the outer skin layer (epidermis) thins, even though the number of cell layers remains unchanged.

Skin changes are among the most visible signs of aging. Evidence of increasing age includes wrinkles and sagging skin. Whitening or graying of the hair is another obvious sign of aging.

The number of pigment-containing cells (melanocytes) decreases. The remaining melanocytes increase in size. Aging skin looks thinner, paler, and clear (translucent).

Pigmented spots including age spots or “liver spots” may appear in sun-exposed areas. The medical term for these areas is lentigos.

Changes in the connective tissue reduce the skin’s strength and elasticity. This is known as elastosis. It is more noticeable in sun-exposed areas (solar elastosis). Elastosis produces the leathery, weather-beaten appearance common to farmers, sailors, and others who spend a large amount of time outdoors.

The blood vessels of the dermis become more fragile. This leads to bruising, bleeding under the skin (often called senile purpura), and cherry angiomas.

When your skin ages prematurely
or beyond what you wish,
our Calgary doctor can help.

Identifying Aged Skin

There are several signs and symptoms of aging skin. A couple of these include:

  • Wrinkles
  • Dull Looking Skin
  • Dry Skin
  • Sagging Skin
  • Discolored Spots on the Skin
  • Loss of Skin Elasticity and Deep Wrinkles
  • Visible Pores
  • Dark Under-Eye Circles
  • Loss of Facial Volume
  • Rough Skin
  • More Translucent Skin

Skin Aging Prevention

Avoid sun exposure:
Take steps to protect yourself from sun damage. Use sunscreen year-round, even if you plan to be in the shade. Always opt for UV protection that’s at least SPF 30 or higher. Wear protective clothing, including a hat and sunglasses. Avoid tanning beds — use self-tanning products instead.

Stop smoking:
If you smoke, quit smoking as soon as possible. Talk to your healthcare provider if you need help quitting.

Eat more fruits and vegetables:
A well-balanced diet can stop premature aging. Avoid eating too much sugar or refined carbohydrates.

Cut back on alcohol:
As alcohol causes premature aging of your skin, reducing your alcohol intake can help prevent further damage.

Regular physical activity improves circulation and boosts your immune system, which promotes healthy aging.

Take care of your skin:
Cleanse your skin daily to remove dirt, makeup, sweat or other substances that cause irritation. Stay away from harsh skin products containing fragrances or high pH. Moisturize your skin daily to prevent dryness and itchiness.
Lower your stress levels: Try to eliminate as much stress as possible from your life. Find healthy stress management techniques (like meditation or exercise) for the stressors you can’t avoid.

Improve the quality (and quantity) of your sleep:
Getting less than seven hours of sleep can age your body’s cells more quickly.

Avoid Stress:
When you’re stressed, your brain pumps out cortisol, a stress hormone. Cortisol blocks two substances that keep your skin looking plump and vibrant: hyaluronan synthase and collagen.

Relax Your Face
Excessive facial tension can create wrinkles and prematurely age your face.

Sun Damage can contribute to premature skin aging. We can help.

Calgary Aging Skin Treatment

PRP Facial Injection Therapy

Facial PRP injection therapy, also known as the vampire facial or facelift, is a simple and near painless procedure which uses factors drawn from your own blood. These factors are then used to stimulate new cell growth and reduce the appearance of wrinkles & fine lines.

Botox Neuromodulator Treatment

Frown lines and facial wrinkles form when facial expressions are made as the muscle under the skin contracts. Over time, as your skin ages, these repeated expressions cause lasting frown lines. Neuromodulators block the release of chemicals that cause these muscle contractions so frown lines are softened.